Formic acid is a kind of organic matter, chemical formula HCOOH, molecular weight 46.03, common name formic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid. It is a colorless and pungent liquid. Formic acid is a weak electrolyte, but its aqueous solution is weakly acidic and corrosive, and can stimulate skin blistering. It is commonly found in the secretions of bees, certain ants, and caterpillars. It is an organic chemical raw material and is also used as a disinfectant and preservative.
Application：Formic acid is a widely used organic chemical raw material in different industries for diverse purposes. Let’s explore its features and applicability in various industries.
Pesticides – The agriculture industry extensively uses formic acid in the production of pesticides, herbicides, and bactericides. It is a crucial ingredient in pesticides production because of its ability to dehydrate insects and trap them into exoskeletons.
Leather – Formic acid is an active ingredient in the tanning industry. It is used to remove the remaining flesh from skins before preservation, producing a leather hide that lasts longer than untreated hides.
Dyes – Formic acid’s acidic nature allows it to be used in the production of dyes and pigments, usually as a reducing agent.
Medicine – Formic acid has standard medical applications, primarily in the synthesis of formamide and formates in the pharmaceutical industry.
Rubber industry – Formic acid is used in the rubber industry for rubber compounding. By adding formic acid to rubber, the raw material becomes more pliable and workable.
Textile industry – Formic acid is also favored in the textile industry for fabric processing, dyeing, and printing. Its acidic properties enable quick color absorption in textile production.
Green feed preservation – Formic acid is an environmentally friendly feed preservative that is used to reduce the rate of bacterial growth in animal feed. This application is particularly useful in reducing wastages and increasing animal productivity.
Apart from these applications, Formic acid is also used as a disinfectant, preservative, and metal surface treatment agent, among others. Its versatility makes it a popular ingredient in many industries globally.
Store in a cool, ventilated warehouse. Keep away from fire and heat. The temperature of the reservoir shall not exceed 30℃, and the relative humidity shall not exceed 85%. Keep the container sealed. It should be stored separately from oxidizers, alkalis and active metal powders, and should not be mixed. Equipped with the corresponding variety and quantity of fire equipment. The storage area should be equipped with leak emergency treatment equipment and suitable containment materials.
During railway transportation, the dangerous goods packing list in the Dangerous Goods Transportation Rules of the Ministry of Railways shall be strictly followed. The packing should be complete and the loading should be secure. During transportation, it is necessary to ensure that the container does not leak, collapse, fall or damage. It is strictly prohibited to mix with oxidants, alkalis, active metal powder, edible chemicals, etc. Transport vehicles should be equipped with the appropriate variety and quantity of fire equipment and leakage emergency treatment equipment. During transportation, it should be protected from sunlight, rain and high temperature. Road transport should follow the prescribed route, do not stay in residential areas and densely populated areas.
In summary, Formic acid is a crucial organic matter in the industry, and its versatility in various applications speaks volumes about its importance. As an organic chemical raw material, formic acid is essential in several end products, and its significance cannot be overemphasized. Its industrial use is likely to increase, thanks to its positive impact in various industries and its suitability as an environmentally friendly product. For manufacturers and industries, using formic acid is a sure way of enhancing production quality and making products more cost-effective.
Post time: Jun-14-2023